The Steampunk Movement

What is Steampunk?

Steampunk can be described as science fiction in a Victorian setting. What began as a literary genre, has developed into a full creative boom that has become a subculture of clothing, art, film, and music.

Origins

During the 1970s three science fiction writers joined up to create something new. Authors James P. Blaylock, Tim Powers, and K. W. Jeter lived near each other and shared the same interest in the Victorian era. They used to hang out in pubs and discuss their writing and everything else under the sun. Encouraged by each other, they began to write stories adding science fiction elements in a Victorian setting. Examples of their creativeness can be found in K.W. Jeter’s Infernal Devices, Tim Powers’ Anubis Gates and James P Blaylocks’ Homunculus.

The three authors had no intention of starting a new sub-genre of science fiction. They only wrote what they thought was fun, inspired by early science fiction and adventure writers of the 1800s such as H.G. Wells, Jules Verne, and Robert Louise Stevenson.

In 1987 K.W. Jeter wrote a letter to Locus Magazine that would later become historic:

Personally, I think Victorian fantasies will become the next big thing as long as we can come up with a term that describes Powers, Blaylock and myself. Something based on the technology of the future; ‘Steampunk’ might…

With this letter, he coined the term steampunk. As the term steampunk spread, many other contemporary science fiction writers suddenly got a genre to describe their fictional creations.

Other books close to the heart of steampunk fans are books written in the 1800s. The epic novels by Jules Verne and H.G. Wells fall into this category. Verne and Wells did not, however, label their work as steampunk since the term didn’t occur in their era.

What’s the Craze All About?

Steampunk literature encompasses everything from steam engines to clockwork robots and airships. Familiar protagonists are inventors, watchmakers, aristocrats and supernatural beings such as werewolves and vampires.

Some criticize steampunk for romanticizing 18th century England. It’s certainly is true that the steampunk genre exalts old design and use the aesthetic appeal of older technology. But in steampunk literature, one also finds some criticism of the Victorian society. Some steampunk stories also dwell into the darker sides of the era, i.e., women’s oppression, class differences, and racism.

I for one, hope steampunk books of the future will dare to tackle other topics and locations, thus adding more variety as the steampunk genre unfolds. Steampunk really can be applied to many different sites apart from Victorian London.

Movies and TV

One can find lots of films with steampunk references. Sherlock Holmes, Hellboy, Wild Wild West, and Hugo are good examples of movies influenced by steampunk. Anime uses steampunk characteristics in several films. The more renowned are Howl’s Moving Castle and Steamboy.

As for TV series, one can find strong steampunk tendencies in the Science Fiction adventure series Warehouse 13. In the cult series Doctor Who, one can also see some steampunk technology and aesthetics.

Courtesy of https://www.polyvore.com/

A Steampunkish Attire

When it comes to steampunk clothing, it’s all about using your creativity to come up with a steampunkish look. I’ve seen everything from strict Victorian clothing to mad scientists in white coats and dresses. Creativity is the foundation of steampunk, and also one of the best things about this subculture; you can let your imagination run free.

Some classical elements in the steampunk attire are necessary, though. The top hat, the mandatory goggles and the use of retro-futuristic technology are almost considered essential. Steampunk enthusiasts usually make their clothes themselves.

Music

Steampunk music has no specific sound. If a song is labeled as steampunk or not has more to do about the lyrics, atmosphere and the style of the band. This may sound superficial and confusing, but I think it’s fun. It makes steampunk music can play freely with different styles. Mix and mix at will, which usually creates the most enjoyable music. bands famous in steampunk circles are Abney Park, The Cog Is Dead and
Clockwork dolls, to mention a few.

Courtesy of http://steampunker.de/

All About Making

An essential aspect of steampunk is using your imagination to create stuff. The maker movement is omnipresent in the steampunk subculture. There is a lot of inspiration to gather from communities that build computers in the steampunk style, instruments, weapons and so on. Reinventing the Victorian era by using DIY is what it’s all about!

Political Correctness?

You have the right to speak your mind, and so do others. Looking beyond the great Kingdom of Unixploria, the problem is that a minority in the Western world seem to think that they’re not allowed to speak their minds without being silenced by an elite.

I would like to know what those people cannot say. I follow International media, and  I’m the first to agree about the fact that some issues have been labeled as inappropriate by mainstream media. Criticizing migration, feminism, and religious minorities are a few of those taboos. However, these taboos are there for a reason; they’re part of what the ruling majority holds to be true, thus wanting us all to espouse these views.

I still criticize all three of them, and to this date, I’ve not been silenced by anyone. Maybe it’s just because we live in a nation where true freedom of expression and freedom of press reign, but I’ve never been censored abroad either. The political leaders and media may not agree, but neither do I agree about everything the media or politicians are telling me.

We have no law preventing anyone from criticizing migration policies, feminists or religious communities, as long as we do not offend others. The pressure to fall in line is pretty hard, though. It is not easy being targeted as racist, chauvinist and conservative Christian, even though I enjoy being called the latter.

In my opinion, a working democracy respects every man’s right to say what he or she believes to be the truth. Freedom of expression does not, however, mean that you can state blatant lies about other people, nor does it give you the right to use derogatory vocabulary. Within reason, you are free to express your views freely, or at least you should be able to do so.

I hate political correctness as much as the next guy, but if you are a victim of it, you must also be able to tell others exactly what the political elite is preventing you from saying. I want to be able to think for myself, but I hate lies and prejudice even more.

It is time for all men and women regardless of color, creed or sexual orientation to end this useless media fight. We need to stand united behind our democratic ideas which give everyone the chance to have their say as long as we keep it civil. Those who cannot stand behind this simple idea do not deserve my respect.

(And do not tell me to stop reading, watching or listening to the established, professional media. We do not always see eye to eye on matters, but that is, after all, the whole point of democracy, having the right to think for yourself. Besides, you are always free to write your articles, books or make your podcasts.)

What is Racism?

WHAT IS RACISM?

A racist worldview assumes that human beings can be divided into different races. It is based on an idea that people’s appearance, skin color, and other physical differences, would decide how talented we are and how we behave. Based on such alleged links between the presence and racial characteristics, scientists used to rank human races. Historically, the white or Aryan race, according to a racist ideology, was considered to be the highest standing race.

HISTORICAL EXAMPLES

The most famous example of how a racist ideology has been used in practice, was when Adolf Hitler ruled Germany. Hitler believed that the Aryan race would rule the world and that the Jewish people were a threat to the survival of the white race. His solution was to gather all the Jews in camps. Other minorities were also included, such as gypsies, homosexuals and people with various types of mental illnesses. Those not killed at once had to work and live in camps in slave-like conditions.

South Africa also ran a racist policy between the years 1948 and 1990. In the so-called system of apartheid people with different skin colors were kept separated in all parts of society, from park benches to hospitals and schools. The white people of South Africa had both the economic and political power in the country, while people with different skin colors had little or no influence at all in the community.

RACISM TODAY

Racial biology has now been rejected as a science. There are no longer valid, scientific ideas which support ideas of superiority because of race. We read about people who support a racist ideology. We now use the concept of racism in a wider meaning, i.e., a hostility towards certain groups or cultures that involves describing people in a negative, derogatory way without considering individual differences. The latter is sometimes referred to as cultural racism. Sometimes we also talk about xenophobia, which means that you have a negative perception of strangers in general.

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The Unixplorian government stands behind rejecting the idea of racism. We also think that there are very few people who believe in the own racial superiority. Human beings must never be measured by race, but rather for the individual skills and traits we all have.

We do, however, see cultural differences as part of the problematic clashes which occur when migrating minorities meet a culturally different majority population. We need to establish standard rules to meet the challenges of globalization. We do not believe that all cultures are equal. Some cultures have evolved more than others and must aid cultures that are less developed. 

Master Photographer Lennart Nilsson Dead

A 14 weeks old baby. Credits: A Child is Born by Lennart Nilsson.

He became world famous with his pictures of the book “A Child is Born” which was released in 1965.

The book A Child is Born gave the world a whole new insight into the process from when an egg is fertilized until a child is developed. It took Nilsson a full twelve years to work on the images used for the book that was released for the first time in 1965.

As a pioneer of scientific photography, Lennart Nilsson worked tirelessly throughout his career, with a large number of prizes and books as a result. He was an accomplished artist and inspirational individual. He had an amazing career that has spanned decades.

Lennart Nilsson must have passed away on Saturday morning in the presence of his family at the age of 94.

In addition to his cutting-edge science, Lennart Nilsson was also a Court Photographer for the Royal Family of Sweden. He has documented the Royal Swedish Court since the 1940s. Among other things, Lennart Nilsson took the official wedding picture of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia.

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We believe that Nilsson’s photos of unborn babies were a milestone in the way we look at human life. The pro-choice movement cannot seriously look at these pictures and still claim that the lives of unborn babies are debatable.

The state of Israel and its conflict-ridden origins

The period between the proclamation of the state of Israel in 1948 and up to the Six Day War in 1967 is a time of great concern and strong conflicts over boundaries.

May 14, 1948, is the date that Israel proclaimed its independence. The Israeli Declaration of Independence, which guarantees equality and freedom of religion to all its citizens, regardless of ethnicity (Article 13) is especially interesting. It appeals to the indigenous Arab population not to flee but to stay and peacefully work together to build a common future (Article 16); a proposal for Israel’s neighbors to extend their hands in the hope of peace and acceptance to work together to advance the Middle East (Article 17).

Despite an attack of five Arab countries, the newborn state of Israel came out victorious. The boundaries of the land of Israel were based on UN Resolution 181, even though the Arab side rejected a private Arab land in Palestine. This means that the part of the country that could have been a Palestinian Arab country now becomes a mandate country – a state that no one can claim.

To avoid such situations, which in the future could create huge problems, there is legislation called Uti possidetis  (an International principle of international law which provides that newly formed states should have the same borders that their preceding dependent area had before their independence). In Israel’s case, it means that the boundaries of the British Mandate (the latest political entity) draw boundaries to what they looked like in May 1948. Thus, including the Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria (the so-called West Bank).

The absence of this legal fact is conspicuous due to its lack in the international debate regarding Israel. At the end of the war in 1949, Samaria and Judea were illegally occupied by Jordan, and the Gaza Strip was illegally occupied by Egypt. The Arab countries that attacked Israel without provocation, and with the intent to destroy the country, refuse to make peace with Israel, only a mere ceasefire agreement. The agreements are therefore temporary until the borders were negotiated and approved by the parties involved in the conflict. Legally, these temporary borders, therefore, have no relevance regarding future contracts, they are only the line where they stopped shooting at each other.

Since the Arabs rejected all proposals for peace, this status continues to apply. Judea and Samaria came to be called the West Bank as these areas are west of the Jordan River regarding Jordan. The West Bank did not exist before the end of the war in 1949. The boundary line to Judea and Samaria is often referred to as “the green line,” a name it got because they happened to have a green pen when drawing the temporary ceasefire line on the map in 1949.

The war in 1948 -49 created two refugee waves. The Arab wave was about Arabs who were asked to give the mandate before the war started and the Arabs who fled or were forced to leave during the war. Altogether there were about 472,000 to 750,000 Arabs, who would later be known as the Palestinian refugees. They fled to the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt. Most of these refugees were refused inclusion in the respective countries or regions, and continue to be refugees to this date.

The roughly 160,000 Arabs who choose to stay in Israel did, however, receive Israeli citizenships and became fully integrated with the new state. Today they constitute 20 percent of the Israeli population, with the same democratic rights as all other Israelis. The Jewish refugees, the Jews living in Muslim Arab countries, become more vulnerable to pogroms than before, and the immediate confiscation of possessions and livelihoods took place almost immediately.

Approximately 850,000 were forced to flee, about two-thirds of them fleeing to Israel and one third to other parts of the world. All these refugees (which were never classified as refugees by the UN) were directly integrated in Israel, or to the other (mainly Western) countries they fled.

During the years 1949-67, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt, encouraged terrorism against Israel and thus breaking the ceasefire agreement they signed in 1949. During the Arab League conference in Cairo in 1964, they agreed on wiping out the Sea of Galilee by diverting its tributaries in the north thereby destroying Israel’s only freshwater reservoir. They also decided on creating a united Arab military force with Egypt as the leading nation; to form the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) as the representative of the Palestinians and their militant liberation from what they refer to as the Zionist threat (one of many Arabic names for the nation of Israel).

Above all, the Arabs did not wish to create a private Palestinian land. In the summer of 1967, Egypt mobilizes large military forces at the border to Israel, while they order UN peacekeepers to leave the Sinai Peninsula.

Egypt also closes the Straits of Tiran to Israeli ships and thus makes itself guilty of Casus Belli. A short time after Egypt then proclaims a declaration of war towards the nation of Israel. During Egypt’s command, mobilized Arab forces (Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Saudi Arabia) moves to the borders of Israel while proclaiming the annihilation of Israel.

On June 5, 1967, they began attacking Israel with full strength. Israel retaliates by bombing the Egyptian air force in a defensive action. After six days, Israel stood victorious from this defensive war with a geographical area that was twice as large as before the war.

Israel occupied the entire Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights and regained the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. To start a war in self-defense – a defensive battle – is a legitimate legal action recognized internationally in the UN Security Council, Article 51. Everyone has the right to defend themselves.

Internationally, however, the Six Day War is the only defensive war that has been questioned. Regardless of what you might think about Israel’s right to protect itself, it is still equality before the law that applies.

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The Kingdom of Unixploria will always stand behind Israel’s right to sovereignty. We believe that Israel has been neglected by the civilized world, but we also think it’s time for real peace negotiations if Israel’s neighbors are up for the challenge of unilaterally accepting Israel as a sovereign nation. So far we have seen little of the latter. 

Winter Weather?

The weather in Unixploria has not been kind to us. Most Unixplorians love snow and look forward to snowy days on the slopes.

Wintertime usually equals snow and cold weather on mainland Unixploria, but this has not been the case for the last years. The small amount of snow we received a couple of days ago is almost gone, and the only thing left to remind us of Winter is the bare trees in our fair kingdom.

Don’t feel bad, though, spring is but a month away!

Christmas Sales Reached an All-Time High

Unixplorians spend more and more of their hard earned money on Christmas gifts to friends and family.

According to several shop proprietors in Stronghaven, they have never wrapped more Christmas gifts than they did last year. Almost a third of their annual profit now comes from their Christmas sales. The most common gifts in Unixploria for Christmas this year were books, fountain pens, clothes, and movies.

Lock Up Criminals – Not Fireworks

The government in our neighboring country, Sweden, has once again shown its incapability to handle the increasing criminality in its suburbs.

After several incidents on New Year’s Eve, involving fireworks, the interior minister of Sweden is now considering a ban on the sale of rocket style fireworks.

The proposal follows the criminal acts perpetrated during New Year’s Eve in several Swedish cities. Young thugs shot fireworks into crowds, rockets were even fired at the police and trains.

The Government of Unixploria is appalled of the fact that decent people will get their freedom limited just because law enforcement can’t do their job. Fireworks is not the issue at hand, locking up criminals is.

Decent citizens shouldn’t be punished for having fun, the criminals (well known to the police) should be penalized. Using fireworks as weapons should be equal to attempted manslaughter, and the criminal sentences should be lifetime imprisonment, no matter what age the perpetrators had.

Climate Change is a Real Threat to Humanity

The vast majority of the scientific community stands behind the fact that climate change is real, and it is not caused entirely by natural variations.

Human beings are responsible for increasing their impact on the climate due to environmental misuse that has led to a change in the global environment.

Overpopulation and the increasing use of fossil fuels are mainly responsible for the change apparent from the mid to late 20th century. Climate change is primarily attributed to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of mentioned fossil fuels.

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The position of the Unixplorian government is that climate change is occurring, and it is mainly because we as human do too much to disturb the ecological balance. Natural changes do occur, but the rate by which this is going is far from natural. Nature will always survive, Homo Sapiens may not.